Research and Clinical Trials
The Department of Anesthesiology is embarking on an ambitious research initiative. Our commitment to advance clinical and translational research accelerates the pace at which new discoveries become the treatments that benefit patients. The Department is focused on expanding its research portfolio and providing more residents with a range of opportunities to pursue clinical research, including clinical trials. To facilitate the research process for residents, a dedicated research coordinator aids them with study protocols and the Institute of Biological Research and Biotechnology (IBRB) requirements and guidelines regarding human and animal subjects.
Faculty and fellows in cardiothoracic anesthesia have conducted research ranging from investigator-initiated projects to National Institutes of Health-funded research, and there are opportunities for residents to participate. Currently, there are three one-year cardiothoracic anesthesia fellowship positions.
Among the research projects under way is a study in which investigators are comparing two drugs used to prevent bleeding after cardiac surgery. Another study explores the incidence of atrial fibrillation (arrhythmia) after bypass surgery, in which the investigators are examining ways to determine a patient's risk for postoperative arrhythmia.
Critical Care Anesthesia
Critical care physicians are committed to improving the standards of patient care by developing new protocols based on rigorous research. In line with this mission, the Critical Care Anesthesia program is pursuing nonclinical research in the form of system-based projects. One such project focuses on the treatment of hyponatremia, and involves designing treatment protocols and educating the nursing staff. The results will enhance the collaboration between nurses and anesthesia residents. Another project, involving the Post Anesthesia Recovery Unit (PACU), focuses on the emergent treatment of accidental intravascular injection of local anesthetic during a regional anesthesia block. This treatment consists of the administration of intralipid, which binds the local anesthetic.
As knowledge and technology in the field continue to advance, expanding research in the Critical Care Anesthesia program will provide even more educational opportunities for residents.
Pediatric Anesthesiology projects vary widely, including research on dilemmas in post-anesthesia pain management, pediatric regional anesthesia, and thromboelastography in the morbidly obese child.
Pain Management Anesthesia
Residents have the opportunity to participate in research projects, some which focus on opioid induced hyperalgesia, post-thoracotomy pain, opioid usage in socioeconomically disadvantaged communities, and opioid usage in sickle cell disease.